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The production of honey by the bees is part of an exchange. The flowers provide nectar enabling the bees to build up thriving colonies in the spring and storing a surplus in the summer to see them through the winter. When collecting the nectar the bees pick up pollen on the hairs of their legs and body and transfer it to other flowers fertilising the blooms so that fruit and seeds are set.
Plants collect moisture and nutrients from the soil and atmosphere and these have an effect on the nectar produced. This liquid secreted from the nectary contains a high proportion of sucrose and traces of protein, salts, acids, enzymes and aromatic substances all in a watery solution. The make up of the nectar is not just dependent on the plant but also on the geographical situation and the weather - in short it is unlikely you would ever get the same nectar and therefore the same honey twice - its special. Nectars vary in flavour and sugar content eg Lime has 32-35%, White clover 40% and Marjoram reaches 70%. Have you ever wondered why an apple tree has more fruit on the sunny side of the tree? It's because the nectar on the sunny side has had the water driven off by the heat of the sun and therefore the sucrose is more concentrated and therefore more attractive to the bees - more visits equals better pollination.
When sealed in the wax comb the honey is a clear liquid and its storage is a model of hygienic food preservation. All honey will eventually set or granulate and this process can be reversed by gently warming the honey to remelt it. Some honeys set naturally with large granules and taste a little like granulated sugar in honey. Others set like Royal Icing - very hard and unspreadable. To overcome this problem beekeepers will mix in a small amount of fine grained honey before it sets and then gently stir the honey to prematurely fix the setting before it becomes hard thereby producing a "soft set " honey. Same honey, no additives, just a more usable product than hard set honey and more stable than clear honey.
Is commercial honey any better than local honey? It all depends on where it came from, how it has been produced and how it has been treated. In some countries bees are fed continously with sugar syrup of one form or another to bulk up the honey crop. If you believe all imported honey is tested dream on. To speed up filtration and stop granulation some processors heat the honey to very high temperatures. This destroys elements within the honey and removes every particle of pollen and indeed everything else.